Each spring agricultural suffering has its own distinctive feature. The current one is also no exception. Compared to last year, the state will highlight the limited number of farmers a little more subsidies and preferential diesel fuel. The main mass of peasant farms will have to fight for the crop and own survival on your own.
If the year turns out to be successful, that is, without frosts, urban, high humidity, or, conversely, droughts, then small farms, as usual, will demonstrate relatively high economic indicators. Of course, the return and output of products from a unit area at them is several times less than that of large farms, where new technologies are used. Nevertheless, small farms have its own optimal limit of efficiency that allows them to stay afloat.
And this state of affairs is quite satisfied with the officials of the industry and even the government. In any case, the head of the Ministry of Agriculture Sergo Karapetyan radiates constant optimism, although over the five years of his leadership of indigenous positive changes in our fields, gardens and farms did not occur. By the way, the new waist -ore for the year of the authorities of the power levers has not demonstrated the desire to take up the construction of the missing “gears”, which should ultimately set in motion the integral agromechanism of the republic. For a quarter of a century, the steering ones failed to decide on the issue of whether the village of machine-tractor stations needed or not? As a result, the village continues to degrade and live its ineffective life. Despising the absence of equipment and technologies, other service services and in the conditions of all the growing cost of agricultural products.
However, the predecessors of Sergo Karapetyan also made optimistic statements. I remember, David Lockyan selflessly spoke about self -sufficiency with bread. Gerasim Alaverdyan (2009) assured that “… The implementation of three programs in the priority areas of crop production and livestock will lead to serious positive changes in agriculture “. It was about sugar beets, which, according to the minister, was supposed to become the queen of fields for a long time and reasonably. After all, the sugar factory in Akhuryan was not built in the order of impromptu, but as a result of a thorough analysis of the entire complex of related factors. 15-20 thousand people should have been occupied on the field, 1 thousand at the factory. As a result, the plant was built, but there is no design volumes of beets.
The second ministerial program was also aimed at solving the problems existing in the crop production. However, the production of highly productive and super elite seeds in the necessary volumes is not established.
Finally, the third program did not lead to success. Sheep breeding, despite the huge external demand, has not become a prosperous industry.
There are many such examples. Amateurism in the industry reached absurd sizes. Peppy reports that “agriculture was equated with the army” simply cannot change the situation. In any case, until the word is followed by the word and the reformed industry will earn all power. It is necessary to act, otherwise every spring will demand more and more forces and funds to grow a crop barely covering expenses.
Last spring, I visited a number of villages of the Ararat Valley and Kotayk Marza. And everywhere farmers emphasized that the fate of the crop decides the presence of five factors: irrigation water, fuel, seeds, fertilizers and technology. It is all this that is just not enough and today to ensure a high crop. I remembered a conversation with Gyuhapet of the village of Kamaris (2 thousand. inhabitants) Kotayk Marza Zarzandom Yegoryan. He said that the full service of 1 ha of arable land has reached 250 thousand in the region. Drama! Buy a tractor or a leasing combine even with a maturity of seven years. Wealthy farmers are simply not. “Wealthy farmers can only become prosperous,” the head of the rural administration summed up. And it’s hard to disagree with him.