Tuesday, February 7, 2023

This is strange, gentlemen! It seems that we are again stepping on the same rake. After we dismantled our own industry over the decades, including through thoughtless opening of customs borders, it seemed that the perniciousness of this path was fully conscious of the latest governments. There was a hope that a course has been taken to revive what can still be revived in the field of production. The previously unusual phrases “Protection of the domestic market”, “support of national manufacturers” have recently entered the active revolution and caress the hearing. It would seem that the state finally decided in its economic policy and the case moved from the dead point. They rejoiced early. The events of the last weeks associated with the head in the cigarette market showed that the state has very peculiar ideas about relations with internal manufacturers. Instead of providing them with reliable tariff protection, and even better simply set quVs for the import of goods produced in Armenia, one of the largest domestic manufacturers, in the formation of which the state did not make any efforts, essentially pointed to its place, they say, not Strive to monopolize the market well! With great difficulty, our markets conquered (by the way, very few) we return our own hands to foreign companies. Moreover, according to the amazing calculations of the Minh -Hooses, it turned out that the budget even “won” from a decrease in the share of local manufacturers and an appropriate increase in the share of importers… In this regard, it is noteworthy that, with the presentation of the interested party, the public is trying to mislead the pseudo -based reasoning on the topic of monopolization of the market. It is strange that the people’s deputies also came across this fishing rod, supporting the change of imported tariffs proposed by the government not in favor of the local manufacturer, but in favor of importers, but in fact approving the next victory of trade capital over industrial. If this is not a knife in the back, then what is it also called? In fact, the threat to the economic development of Armenia is not production monopolies (from where such happiness!), and foreign trade. With the same success, one can blame the “nail” of that he is a monopolist in the rubber market, and “Canas” in the aluminum market. Do not want the Monopoly “Grand Tobaco”? Create another tobacco production in Armenia, and this can only be applauded, but do not clash a local manufacturer with an importer under a far -fetched pretext of demonopolization. If the state is really interested in demonopolization of the market, then it should primarily take up the creation of a normal competitive environment among the importers themselves. As for the demonopolization of local manufacturers, then, firstly, this problem is not relevant for the Armenia economy (not to create the second “naic” or “Canaz” that we would use), and secondly, the state can easily provide fair pricing for this market by strictly dosed imports. What it should do, but in no case do not exploit the local manufacturer. In any case, entering the WTO is not far off and local manufacturers will still have time to taste all the “charms” of free competition. We would have time to prepare our industry for this event so that once again not to chop it in the name of the ideals of the free market. This is in theory. In practice, society again clearly demonstrated that our state did not have and there are no clear economic priorities. The state does not want to do for an internal manufacturer even the very minimum that it can simply not interfere. Instead, it encourages the import of ready -made consumer goods. This is a very bad signal for both internal investors and external. With this approach to their own economy, it is difficult to count on the economic growth of the country. All this is strange, gentlemen

The average savings of each resident of Yerevan is 4.7% of the income, or only 2880 drams (5.5 dollars) per month. This is evidenced by the data of a sociological survey conducted by specialists of the Armenian-European Center for Economic Policy and Legal Consultation (Aeplac) among 500 respondents. According to research, the average monthly income of each resident of Yerevan is 61.055 drama ($ 122). In total, all Yerevaners together manage to postpone more than 1.5 million as savings. dollars. 85.3% of respondents prefer to store savings in US dollars, 11.4% of respondents trusts domestic currency, 2.9% – European currency. The Russian ruble, apparently, “lost” the trust of the capital’s population, since only 0.4% of those surveyed keeps its savings in Russian rubles. According to the study, 27.4% of the group under the age of 17 is a salary, 62.8% of the income of this group is a pension, scholarship or a benefit. 59.6% of the income of the age group from 18 to 34.9 years is salary and 22.9% – pension, scholarships or benefits. The age group of the metropolitan population from 35 to 52.9 years has 65.5% of the income from salaries, 14% – from transfers from abroad and 10.6% – from pension or benefits. Capital residents aged 53 to 82.9 years receive a significant part of the income from salaries – 71.2%. 12.8% of income citizens of this age group receive from money transfers from abroad. Residents of Yerevan aged 83 years or more have 50.7% of the income from salaries. They receive 21.3% of income from money transfers from abroad and 19.1% from entrepreneurial activity.

79.4% of the inhabitants of Yerevan periodically use public transport, 13.7% use it very rarely, and 7.2% of Yerevans do...

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