On the fourth of January, on Tuesday, the Associated Press news agency reported that the new edition of the works of the world famous writer Mark Twain (USA) “Adventures of Tom Soyer” and “Adventures of Huckleberry Finn” will be replaced by some words that are considered insulting for readers. Apparently, in this case, we are talking about replacing not only the words “Negro”, but also some other words that indicate blacks, serving white gentlemen, for the word “slave”.
Alan Gribben is responsible for the replacement of “offensive” words – one of the leading specialists in the work of Mark Twain. Currently, Mushroombain prepares for the publication the next works of this American writer. The sixty -year -old -year -old mushroombenea clarified that in the book about Huckleberry Finn, insulting words are found two hundred and nineteen times, and in the story of Tom Sawyer – only four times.
Next month, a book with a common circulation of seven and a half thousand copies will be released in the American state of Alabam, a book publishing house called Newsouth Books. So Mushroombane says that recently he received many letters to e -mail containing accusations of desecrating works of Mark Twain. Nevertheless, according to Alan Gribben, on public readings, he has long replaces “incorrect” words in books with a more neutral character and finds that such replacements listening to the public are to his liking.
At the same time, many critics of the initiative shown by mushroombone believe that the language used in their works reflects American history, which means that in this case the replacement of any words is not appropriate. Thus, publishers believe that instead of changes in words, you just need to supply books with advanced explanatory certificates. So, this year, a new edition of the novel “Adventures of Huckleberry Finn” is planned this year, in which special explanations will take place about why the book uses precisely certain words that are characteristic of the era described in the book.
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It is worth noting that this is not the first persecution of the “Adventures of Huckleberry Finn”. So in 1957 the work was removed from the program for mandatory familiarization in the younger and middle New York schools. I also remember the case when in 1998 in Arizona, the family of one of the students of a local school sued the latter to the court for the fact that the novel “The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn” was required to read. As a result, the case was referred to the federal court, where the student’s family lost.
In conclusion, we note that in the United States of America, for the first time published in 1885, the novel “Adventures of Huckleberry Finn” takes fourth place in the list among the most often banned books in schools.