Crime is a social phenomenon expressed in the most dangerous form of human behavior for society. Crime has exceptional, inherent signs and determinants inherent only to it.
The most dangerous for the life of the state and society is crime among minors. We are used to laying hopes for a bright future precisely on adolescents aged 14 to 18 years. But it is they who are most strongly affected by negative social factors.
The causes of juvenile delinquency are primarily due to the age characteristics of this social group. Adolescents are characterized by special activity, which is not always directed in the right direction.
The desire to assert himself with friends or to show herself a “cool guy” in front of a girl often goes into antisocial behavior, which can be expressed in smoking, drinking alcohol, drugs or even the use of violence to peers. At the same time, the teenager does not realize when acts of antisocial behavior turn into a crime.
It is necessary to mention domestic violence in a family that pushes adolescents on socially dangerous acts. A number of sociological studies showed that about 650 thousand homeless minors are registered annually in Russia. The reason for this is the inability of some parents to fulfill their responsibilities for raising children, as well as the use of violence to the child. Such actions of parents have a strong influence on the psyche of a teenager.
The danger of crime among minors also lies in the fact that having committed a crime in adolescence, a person cannot abandon this and later. Analysis of law enforcement practice showed that members of organized criminal groups are mainly persons who were brought to administrative and criminal liability in adolescence.
Effective struggle and prevention of crimes among minors is the responsibility of not only the state, but the whole society as a whole. An extensive practice to bring to criminal liability for non -fulfillment of the obligations to educate a minor shows the low efficiency of the state of the state to conduct social policy in the field of strengthening the family.
The energy of the teenager and his development should be directed in the social and useful direction. The creation of conditions for the development of youth should be a priority task of the state and civil society. At the same time, it is necessary to create such a favorable social environment that would protect adolescents not only from crime, but also of antisocial behavior as a whole, allowing the influence of negative social factors on the younger generation.
Thus, the main task in this area should not be the punishment of the perpetrators and the correction of the consequences of the crimes committed, and not the prevention of crime in general.